Postop pneumonia risk up with pediatric neurologic comorbidity

Christian Mpody, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., from Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and colleagues conducted a retrospective study involving children who underwent inpatient surgery between 2012 and 2018 at hospitals participating in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. The risk for pneumonia was compared for those presenting with and without neurologic comorbidity. The researchers found […]

Continue Reading

Non-invasive brain stimulation may reduce smoking

A new systematic review of randomized controlled trials has found evidence that non-invasive brain stimulation may reduce smoking frequency (number of cigarettes per day) in nicotine-dependent smokers. Because nicotine can produce neuroadaptations in the brain that make it hard to quit smoking, researchers have sought ways to treat nicotine dependence with non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) […]

Continue Reading

Certain dermoscopic structures linked to melanoma detection

Certain dermoscopic structures associated with melanoma detection may have diagnostic importance, including shiny white structures, pseudopods, and blue-white veil, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online Aug. 4 in JAMA Dermatology. Natalie M. Williams, M.D., from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and colleagues examined the diagnostic accuracy of individual dermoscopic […]

Continue Reading

3 essential questions on antibiotic resistance

Melinda Pettigrew, Ph.D., the Anna M.R. Lauder Professor of Epidemiology, researches the growing public health threat posed by antibiotic resistance. She uses microbiology and infectious disease epidemiology to identify factors that influence whether pathobionts colonize or cause diseases such as pneumonia. Additionally, she is studying whether shorter regimens of antibiotics may be effective in some […]

Continue Reading